Doing a mecanical caterpillar
Hinaaja is the word used in Finland to appoint tugboats, in the same way they use Hinari to name cranes towing cars and other motor vehicles, or people who drive them. Both are slang of faggot for the issue to take someone hooked behind, a clear reference to anal sex. Something like doing a mecanical caterpillar or Dada eroticism with steel and winches... However, during the investigation of this sissy slang, and although I could imagine, with emotion, Tom of Finland guys driving cranes and tugboats, rescuing me from any lost road or distant Arctic seas, I kept asking myself what had happened there, why in Finland and nowhere else, related the act of towing with the act of anal sex.
Brief history of Finland.
Leaving aside the first millennium A.D. when the Vikings fucked at his ease without christian restrictions in this Arctic territory of endless days and nights, in the second millennium, his closest as Sweden and Russia, or more distant but no less ambitious neighbors such as Germany, influenced in finnish homosexual construction while trying to control the territory. That Finland, with the elapse of the centuries, passed from hand to hand suffering countless wars, peace treaties and agreements.
Birth of Hintti and Hinttari.
So, in the early 20th century, Finland was a primarily agricultural country with a low population density, in which homosexuality was not quite present (1), judging from the few expressions used for naming, such as "onanist" and person "like that", so much so that they had to import them from Germany.
In the 30s the terms "Hintti" and "Hinttari" began to be widely used in Finland. These two expressions meaning faggot, etymologically derived from the German word "Hinten" which translated into English means “behind”, associated in Germany with anal sex and male homosexual practices.
The appearance of these words is not accidental, because started to be used as the big population centers such as Helsinki grew, where abounded cruising areas, saunas, swimming pools and bars, where men have sex with other men. Despite being a crime until 1971, there was some permissiveness by the authorities, which denoted already the idiosyncrasies of a society that wants happy citizens.
Swedish men and invisible women.
But the homosexual construction in Finland was not confined to large cities, but expanded by the rest of the country through publications such as "Kalle" with which the sanctimonious and heteronormative society known in considerable detail, albeit from the perspective of illness, what was happening in large cities and especially in neighboring Sweden. And it was not only useful for this part of mainstream society but also for gays from all over Finland, who came in a rush way after reading these publications, to the big and lubricious cities, or went on vacation -or to living- to Sweden, for them the rainbow nation
Sweden, more advanced in the acceptance of homosexuality (2), became a reference of male homosexuality, to the point that in Finland to talk about it, could use expressions like "Swedish disease" or "Swedish love", being also frequent jokes about effeminate men in Sweden. About this, Finland is no different from the rest of the world: “Fags come from out to corrupt our men, youth and children.”
This construction of the Finnish homosexuality was totally different for lesbians, condemned to invisibility in a society in wich the possibility that a woman felt in an emotional and erotic inclination for another woman did not arise, even with the pornographic publications aimed at male ejaculations. This invisibility, this lack of spaces and lesbian references, and therefore words, takes up the sexual revolution of the late '60s, in which lesbian visibility came from the hand of the woman consideration as a person with full rights in society.
The origin of Hinaaja.
For Finland case, as elsewhere, we have seen that homosexuality is constructed by whole society, and that the words appear as a specific way of interacting with human homosexual behavior in a particular historical context. That is why in Finland there were few words for lesbians, "Lepakko", "lesbo" and little else, or as the case before us today, the origin of the slang expressions Hinaaja and Hinuri for fags, symbolic and contemporary creations that relate to Hintti and Hinttari because they share the beginning of the word, expressions which came somehow and sometime from Germany.
(1) Do not confuse homosexuality with homosexual behavior because people has fucked lifetime, as god intended ;)
(2) The first LGBT organizations in Sweden were created in the 40s.
Source: Shadow Lives and Public Secrets: Queering Gendered Spaces in 1950s and 60s Tampere. By Tuula Juvonen.