English is an Indo-European language spoken by over 500 million people and is official in more than 80 countries and territories. The national varieties of English, as well as Polari slang or Cockney rhyming slang create specific words from particular regions and others that travel from one place to another while retaining its meaning or exchanging it for another similar or radically different.
The terms for lesbians are much less common than those used for gays, a fact that is related to the higher invisibility of the lesbian people in the past. No current term goes back before the 1920s. As it has happened in other countries like Finland, were known lesbian sex and women who looked as men, but it was not conceived that a woman could feel emotional and erotic inclination for another woman. In this sense, from the 18th century there are references to sex between women called "the game of flats"; as well as the known “Boston Marriage”, which refers to the relationship of two spinsters in the 19th century, but have not found words to name those involved. The reasons for this may be in issues that affect them more for being women than for being lesbians.
The majority of the terms are originally created by straight people, so somehow expressed contempt and hostility that fear of homosexual behavior produced and continues producing, although in many cases the passage of time has been erased all that negativity and ended up being incorporated into normal speech and even into LGBT vocabulary.
Following the classification of Professor William A. Percy we can relate the terms and expressions of our English Gay Dictionary in 3 groups:
For masculine lesbians.
For feminine lesbians.
Masculine women who may be lesbians.
The words and expressions of our English Gay Dictionary have been obtained from many different sources, but unlike many of these sources, which are copies from one another, each of the items has been analyzed, investigated, contrasted and expanded within the posibilities. During the making of this dictionary we have met with the revealing, extensive and excellent work of William Percy, professor at the University of Massachusetts-Boston, not quoted as a source but rather as approach. http://williamapercy.com/
expression used against lesbian or masculine women. With a woman's name "Amy" and a man's name "John", it is performed a pun that sound like "amazon", in reference to the mythical Greek warrior people integrated and governed by women,that is, masculine women from the Manichean and patriarchal point of view.
As a noun its best known meaning is the name of the animal, but in general it is the male of some types of animals including elephant and elk, as well as a large, solidly built person. As an adjective its meaning is male, strong as a bull, etc. Given the above and the issue at hand, we think that its meaning is male, and belong to the set of insults to the masculine lesbians.
expression which, with Bulldyker, disputes the podium to be the first form of appoint disparagingly the masculine lesbians, appearing in the black circles of Blues of the 20s in the United States. Surprisingly for the time, in the Blues abound references to love and sex between women (men too). Ma Rainey (1886-1939), known as the mother of the Blues, so said in his famous song "Prove It On Me":
"They say I do it, ain't nobody caught me, sure got to prove it on me; went out last night with a crowd of my friends, they must've been women, 'cause I don't like no men."
Ma Rainey, the mother of the Blues, also spoke in his songs of love between women.
derogatory term for masculine lesbians, probably the oldest of all, appeared in the 20s in the black circles of the United States. Its meaning, following the etymology of the item Dyke, derived from the slang “dike” meaning "dress formally and elegant way", could be "the woman who is dressed as a man", expression that reminds us the German movement of the Kesser Vater or, as the term was derogatory, "woman making of male".
word for male lesbians began to be used in this sense from 1940 and derived from a proper name, probably the alias of the outlaw Robert LeRoy Parker, Butch Cassidy, derived in turn from Butcher (bloodthirsty murderer, etc). The word Butch can be used to refer to both a woman with masculine appearance and attitude, as a man with attitude and appearance overly masculine. From the displacement of US troops to the United Kingdom during the Second World War, the term Butch was incorporated, along with others, to the Polari slang.
its literal translation is devouring carpets, where the carpet is the pubic hair, that is, the cunt. One of the few expressions that refer to a woman doing oral sex on another woman.
There are many terms to name those who do oral sex to women, Cuntlapper, Cuntlicker, Muff-diver, Plater (related to the plates, Could it be by the concave shape of the vagina?), Gamahucher, Gamahucker, Gamarucker (from French language, of the medieval Latin "gamma ut", meaning the note below the tonic in the musical scale, with the sense of going down); but none is specifically homosexual in the application. This contrasts with the number of terms that exist for gay suckers.
this word, which usually has the meaning Butch or Lesbian, encloses it secret in the etymology that some authors note. Apparently it derived from the slang of the late 19th century, “dike” which meant "dress formal or elegant way. Dyke appeared first with expressions bulldyker, bulldyke, bull-dyking woman, and then became an independent word with the same meaning, and would be used to insult masculine lesbian.
this expression most likely comes from the lesbian jargon, and we have included because, in part, is funny. We've found it with the following malevolent meaning :) “a lesbian who is usually vegetarian and usually either New Age or Neopagan and has a tendency to change her name to something like "Sparrow" or "Lavender CrystalPower." Earth-mother type, wears Birkenstocks (unless she's too vegetarian to wear leather), varies from extremely flaky to very nice and sensible but who eats too much tofu with bean sprouts for most people's tastes...”
Frame of the Spanish series "La que se avecina". Araceli Madariaga, could be an Earthy-crunchy dyke.
is the most universal way to call homosexual women, ie women who show inclination for erotic-affective relationships with people of the same sex. The word has its origin in the name of the Greek island of Lesbos, where poet Sappho lived in the 5th century BC, whose literature focuses on the beauty of women and the proclamation of his love for them.
reference to Sappho, the poet from the island of Lesbos. Today means lesbian, but sexology initially gave the meaning of woman performing cunnilingus (oral sex) on another woman. There are many terms to name the person who performs oral sex on a woman, but almost none that are exclusively for lesbians.
term originated in the 16th century to name a young girl who prefers activities, appearance and boy attitude, of the alleged feminine. Although often is associated with lesbianism and is used as a synonym for lesbian, the truth is that this term refers to gender expression and not to sexual orientation, for this reason can also be used to name an effeminate boy who tries to look masculine. There are tomboy girls who are lesbians and tomboy girls who are not.
is referenced as slang for masculine lesbian, but we could not find the explanation. It might have something to do with the homonymous film starred by Dustin Hoffman, or perhaps because of its relation to the foot and from foot with shoes. In the Portuguese language there is slang for lesbians which is Sapatão (big shoe), related to lesbians who dress in men's clothing, and men usually have bigger feet than women.
Frame of the movie Tootsie, perhaps the origin of the slang.