It is a category belonging to sexual or gender identity. Agender people do not feel identified either as a man or as a woman.
It is a category that belongs to sexual orientation. An allosexual person is one who feels sexual attraction for other people and needs sexual interaction with other people. It is a term coined in opposition to the term asexual to express aspects that the word sexual, as opposed to the asexual, would not express, since asexual people can, for example, have sexual fantasies and masturbate, that is, they have a sexual life, but not with other people.
A person is androgynous when his /her gender expression is a mixture of masculine and feminine gender expression. Androgyny, even today, is confused with hermaphroditism, when both concepts refer to totally different characteristics of sexuality, since one thing is biological sex, for which a person can be female, intersexual (related to hermaphrodite) or man, and something very different is the gender expression, by which a person can be, regardless of the biological sex, masculine, feminine or androgynous.
It is a category belonging, not without discussion, to the sexual orientation. An asexual person is one who does not feel sexual attraction for anyone and who has no or little interest in sexual activities. This does not include affective relationships, since an asexual person can, for example, fall in love. The lack of sexual attraction does not prevent them, however, from having sex with their partners, to please them or to have children. Asexuality is also sometimes referred to by the English expression “ace”. The opposite concept of asexual would be allosexual.
It is a category belonging to sexual or gender identity and it is also known as bi-gender or dual gender. The bigender people are those who feel both male and female at the same time, although it does not have to be equitable.
The binary sexual system is a traditional classification of people sexuality that establishes two strictly delimited and excluding categories for each of the four main characteristics of human sexuality. Female, male, woman, men, feminine, masculine, homosexual and heterosexual are their categories.
This system is used as a normative by certain sectors of society that consider deviation, abnormality or pathology, any manifestation of sexual diversity that does not adjust those categories, including homosexuality.
However, from a pedagogical point of view, it is useful to begin to explain human sexuality and as a model to overcome, being replaced by the non-binary sexual system.
In a strict sense, biphobia means fear or hate that is felt towards bisexual people. But to fear and hate, we would add contempt.
It is a type of sexual orientation. A Bisexual person is the one who feels physical, emotional and/or romantic attraction towards people of more than one gender and/or sex, not necessarily at the same time, in the same way, at the same level or with the same intensity. It does not mean that bisexuals have sex with both sexes, or that are promiscuous. In fact, it is not necessary to have any kind of sex to self-identify as a bisexual person.
The Black Triangle is the symbol in Nazi concentration camps, that identified lesbians, prostitutes, women without children and those with “antisocial” quirks, leading away from the traditional model of a woman. Then it was used by the lesbian and feminist activism.
When we are talking about gay sex, the bottom is the passive part in anal intercourse, is the man who is penetrated anally with the other man’s penis. Depending on the role chosen for sex, gays define themselves as top, bottom or versatile, being the latter ones those who play both roles. The adopted role can be fixed forever, although it can also change with time and circumstances. It is not very clear what are the determinants of the role that each one acquires, but the different consideration that tops had for a long time regarding the bottoms may have some relation, in this sense during the Roman Empire the homosexual behavior of the men did not suppose any problem as long as the active role was adopted, while the bottom role was rejected both in penetration and fellatio, because it was related to women. It is also true that the fear of pain that may cause penetration can be a barrier to adopt the bottom role, a fact that may explain that versatility increases with age and experience. Anatomically the body of all men is prepared to feel pleasure being penetrated.
It is a term used to classify people whose gender identity and biological sex are concordant, and whose gender expression is also concordant with that socially are assigned to this biological sex. For simplicity, we can say that there are transgender people and people who are not, and those that are not, are called cisgender.
It is a category pertaining to sexual or gender identity. A demigender person feels identified as a man or as a woman, but in a partial way. Demigender people can be named as demiboy, demigirl, etc.
It is a category that belongs to sexual orientation. A demisexual person is one who only feels sexual attraction for people with whom he has previously established a strong and lasting affective bond. They are people who, in the absence of this bond, behave like asexuals. Demisexual people can be classified as demi-heterosexual, demi-homosexual or demi-bisexual. Likewise, demisexuality can be classified as a type of graysexuality that is, in turn, a type of asexuality.
It is the most universal and internationally way to appoint homosexual men, that is, men who show inclination towards erotic and emotional relationship with individuals of the same sex. It is an English loan that has its origin in the Provencal word “gai” that means happy and rascal. Over time began to be used to name prostitutes, and after, as happend with other terms, came to be used against feminine men and men who could be homosexuals. Over time and in response to the term “homosexual”, turned into pathology, the word gay was chosen by the LGBT community to refer to themselves, stripped of its negative connotations.
the gender binarism establishes exclusive categories, male and female, masculine and feminine, in which all people should be classified and self classified, and also established in each historical moment the characteristics that define each category. When someone shows some distinct feature, the gender vigilance appears and attempts to correct the deviations.
Dysphoria is the opposite of euphoria, so gender dysphoria is disgust, displeasure, imbalance or discomfort that a person can feel with the biological sex that has corresponded. Gender dysphoria is related to transgender and transsexual people, but they are different things, as there are among these people, who do not feel it.
To put it simply, our gender expression is the gender we look like, the gender we show, what others think we are from our appearance, our sex and identity expression, the form and manner of expressing ourselves, the things we like and shape of behavior that are expected we have, imposed and we impose upon ourselves. We have masculine gender expression, the feminine gender expression and also have androgynous people, whose gender expression is a mixture, which can be variable, of the two.
The gender identity is one of the great features of Sexual Identity. People identify themselves with one gender or the other, and sometimes with both or with neither. Feeling man or woman, girl or boy, and sometimes a mixture of both, or neither. From early each person identify himself on one sex, and know what is each sex.
The gender vigilance is a social tool that tries to suppress or modify any gender expression that not correspond to the gender assigned at birth. Parents, educators, environment, and even each of us, perform gender vigilance, and its intensity vary with age and sex. Gender vigilance tends to reinforce the so-called gender binarism.
It is a category pertaining to sexual or gender identity. Genderfluid people are those who in a few moments feel identified as a man, and at other times as a woman.
Also called greysexual, grey-asexual, gray-asexual, grey-A, gray-A, grey-sexual, gray-ace, grace, it is a category that belongs to the sexual orientation. A graysexual person is one who only feels sexual attraction on very specific occasions. The use of the word gray is related to the illustration that can be done to expose the categories so that in the white area would be the allosexual people and in the black area the asexual people, then graysexual would be at some point of the Gray zone.
It can be considered that there are several types of graysexuality depending on the type of specific circumstances in which is felt sexual attraction, so is called fraysexual the person who could be sexually attracted to people who barely knows, and that when are known the sexual interest is lost, is a person that only feels primary sexual attraction; is denominated akoisexual the person who feels sexual attraction by another just until begins to be corresponded, moment in which loses the interest; and reciprosexual, the person who can begin to feel sexual attraction by a person when realizes that arouses sexual desire in that person. Some people consider demisexuality as a type of grisexuality, since they only feel secondary sexual attraction, that is, when they have a strong emotional bond with the other person.
The Heteronormativity may be the pretension, even unconsciously, that the pattern to be followed by everyone is the heterosexual, in any aspect of life.
After 2000 years of homophobia whole society was articulated from heterosexuality. And the world was divided between the good straight and the devil (not straight). This heterosexism can also be seen as heterocentrism, affecting even science. In many investigations of animal species, it is assumed that the couples studied were formed by a male and a female, when in fact they were studying homoparental couples. Heterosexism are polarized glasses.
It is a type of sexual orientation. Man or woman whose physical and emotional attraction is directed towards people of the opposite gender. Heterosexual term appears at the same time the term homosexual, in the late 19th century, from the pen of a Hungarian poet and writer named Karl-Maria Kertbeny in a public letter urging the authorities to decriminalize homosexual behavior. Before that date there was no heterosexual or homosexual, there were normal people on the one hand, and sinners – criminals on the other.
The paternity of homosexuals. So a homoparental couple is a homosexual couple who have children, adoptive or not. Bridging the gap and for information, homoparentality is not unique to the human species, also it occurs in other species.
Homophobia is fear or hatred of gay men and lesbian women. The word prejudice, may be more accurate to describe antipathy towards LGBT people.
It is a type of sexual orientation. Man or woman whose physical and emotional attraction is directed towards people of the same gender. The term appears, at the same time than heterosexual term, in the late 19th century from the pen of a Hungarian poet and writer named Karl-Maria Kertbeny in a public letter urging the authorities to decriminalize homosexual behavior. Before that date there was no heterosexual or homosexual, there were normal people on the one hand, and sinners – criminals on the other. Although the term was created with good intentions, in the end it was very successful in the world of medicine and psychiatry and thus began the stage of pathologizing, where homosexuality ceased to be a crime, to become a mental illness. That is why the LGBT collective replaced it by the word gay, to remove the smell of electro-convulsive hospital. Today it is used normally without the negative charge.
Homosexual behavior is the sexual relationship between people of the same sex (sorry about the binarism), in the same way, heterosexual behavior is that which occurs between people of the opposite sex. Which we can extend to almost the entire animal kingdom. Nothing new here, right?
Talking about homosexual behavior deserves special interest if it is to differentiate it from homosexuality. They are related but different aspects. Of a homosexual people, we can expect them to have homosexual behavior, but this does not prevent in any way, that they have sexual experiences with people of the opposite sex, and vice versa. Likewise, a heterosexual person does not become homosexual or bisexual by having sexual contact with a person of the same sex. This highlights the current identity conception of homosexuality: I am homosexual. A conception that did not exist until the end of the 19th century when the term was invented. What was there before? Many things, however, what we know for sure, is that there was homosexual behavior, no matter how much we go back in time.
Distinguish these two concepts is essential if we want to understand human sexuality, because the behavior is comparable, because focusing on homosexual behavior, and not on homosexuality, we can understand where it comes from and what its role is.
Read more: Homosexual behavior and homosexuality (Post from our blog)
Read also: What is homosexual? (Post from our blog)
The person who has physical characteristics of both sexes. The intersexuality is a category belonging to the biological sex, existing many genetic, hormonal or anatomical variations that can make the intersexual sex, notwithstanding these variations have to be interpreted as errors. The debate about intersex is intense because traditionally, in some cases, parents and doctors tended to choose the baby’s sex. The process involving constant surgery and suffering, and ultimately did not have to correspond with the sexual identity of the person. There are other options, such as living life, and that the sexuality will be defined over time if it is needed.
It is the most universal way to name homosexual women, ie women who show an inclination for erotic-affective relationships with people of the same sex. The word lesbian has its origin in the name of the Greek island of Lesbos, where the poet Sappho lived in the 5th century BC, whose literature focuses on the beauty of women and the proclamation of her love for them.
Acronym used for “Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender.” Following the inclusive spirit terms and its letters can be added, as LGBTIQ, LGBT +
It is the commemoration of the day when everything changed on June 28, 1969, with the Stonewall riots. The following year the first LGBT pride event was held in New York and nowadays pride is celebrated in thousands of cities around the world, is a key element in the visibility of sexual diversity.
Read more: Stonewall Inn, the origin of LGBT Pride.
The cultural production about love is infinite, so, to avoid getting lost, we are left with the essentialist definition of Eduard Punset, which defines it as “fusion instinct.”
But fusion with one or more people? Most societies have established monogamy as a model of relationship and fidelity in the couple as an essential requirement, however in these same societies polygamy and infidelity are common. Can the human being to love more than one person? The answer is in polyamory.
The non-binary sexual system is a classification of human sexuality that does not establish delimited and excluding categories for the four main characteristics of sexuality and, therefore, better classifies all manifestations of human sexual diversity.
Unlike the binary sexual system, used by some sectors as normative, the non-binary system is a classification system that helps us to understand the different sexualities integrating them all and that does not consider deviations, abnormalities or pathologies.
Taking sexual orientation as an example, between the homosexual and heterosexual categories, the non-binary sexual system not only includes bisexuality, but also establishes a continuum between those two poles in which people can move throughout their lives, and not only this, but integrates other manifestations of sexual orientation such as, among others, pansexuality and asexuality.
It is a category that belongs to sexual orientation. An omnisexual person is one who feels an erotic-affective inclination for people of any gender or sex, being this gender or sex, determinant in the attraction.
The difference between omnisexuality and pansexuality lies in the fact that a pansexual person does not take gender or sex into account when attracted to someone, focusing on other characteristics, whatever these may be. To give an example, pansexual people can feel attracted to a smell, a voice, humor, strength …anything. For them, sex and gender are secondary aspects. Omnisexuals and pansexuals are differentiated by the role played by gender and sex in the attraction.
Similarly, omnisexuality and polysexuality are distinguished by a quantitative issue. A polysexual person may have no interest in any particular gender and/or sex (or some) but may have in the rest of them. For example, a polysexual man may be attracted to cisgender women, transgender women, transsexual women, and demigender women, but not to men or to the “masculine”, whereas an omnisexual person may be attracted to any type of person, being its gender and sex determinant in the attraction, and this omnisexual person likes each and every one of them. A polysexual person likes more than 2 genders and/or sexes, but not all of them.
It is small nuances (but big at the same time) that differentiate these terms, which do nothing but describe what these people feel. In addition, it is necessary to make clear that being omnisexual, pansexual and polysexual does not obviously mean that you are interested in threesomes, orgies, etc., or that you are not monogamous, or that you are attracted to the whole world, at any time. We are talking about what attracts them, not about what they do.
Final English translation by Ruth Carballo Gallego.
It is a category that belongs to sexual orientation. A pansexual person is the one who feels the erotic-affective inclination for people regardless of their sexual or gender identity, gender expression or biological sex, whatever they may be.
In the Nazi concentration camps people was classified with a triangle, exhibited sewn on clothes. Pink triangle was assigned to gay men.
Polyamory is a type of personal relationship, included in the so-called non-monogamy, ethical and consensual relationships, which consists of having more than one sexual and emotional relationship at a time. Polyamory can be classified as hierarchical or non-hierarchical, depending on the prevalence or not, of one of the couples over the others. Another type of non-monogamous relationship would be, for example, the partner swapping or swinging.
It is a category that belongs to sexual orientation. A polysexual person is one who feels erotic-affective attraction for people whose gender and/or sex can be classified into more than two categories. If a bisexual person feels the erotic-affective inclination for men and women, which would be two categories, a polysexual person is attracted to some other category, for example, agender people and/or bigender people.
The Queer theory is one of the most fascinating and complex issues of all the LGBT cultural construction. The idea is that states that all aspects of sexual identity are social constructs embodied in labels such as male, female, straight, gay, lesbian, transgender, etc. From here borns the Genderqueer, which is also a label to advocate for the elimination of lables. In Queer talks there is much mixture explaining how human sexuality works, with how sexuality should be. Queer means twisted, and this sopposed the appropriation of the term, until then used to mark and insult, to transform it into a big protest concept.
Also called as biological sex, is one of the four main characteristics of human sexuality, and classifies people as male, female or intersex. At birth, a baby is sexual assigned based on a combination of personal characteristics like: chromosomes, hormones, internal reproductive organs and genitals.
On the other hand, from the relationship between gender identity and biological sex people is classified as transgender or cisgender.
It is a feature of sexual reproduction in nature. Faced with a traditional vision of a unique and determined Sexuality, with a single function, sexual diversity teaches us that evolution achieves its goal through flexibility. A unique sexuality probably already been extinguished. Sexual diversity exists because we have a plastic, malleable, fluid, indeterminate sexuality, whose construction never ends.
It is one of the four great characteristics of human sexuality. Is defined as the erotic-affective inclination for one sex or another. It can be towards the opposite sex, heterosexual orientation, towards the same, homosexual, or towards both, bisexual. Kinsey, introduced mostly heterosexual and mostly homosexual categories. Nowadays, once the binary sexual system has been overcome, the definition of sexual orientation itself is amplified, and new categories are coined, such as pansexual, asexual, demisexual and graysexual (or greysexual) persons.
It is a category that belongs to the sexual or gender identity, also named third sex. A person of the third gender does not feel identified neither with the masculine gender, nor with the feminine gender, but with another that is a mixture of both.
When we are talking about gay sex, the top part in anal intercourse is the man who penetrates the other man’s anus with his penis. Depending on the role chosen for sex, gays define themselves as top, bottom or versatile, being the latter ones those who play both roles. The adopted role can be fixed forever, although it can also change with time and circumstances. It is not very clear what are the determinants of the role that each one acquires, but the different consideration that tops had for a long time regarding the bottoms may have some relation, in this sense during the Roman Empire the homosexual behavior of the men did not suppose any problem as long as the active role was adopted, while the bottom role was rejected both in penetration and fellatio, because it was related to women. It is also true that the fear of pain that may cause penetration can be a barrier to adopt the bottom role, a fact that may explain that versatility increases with age and experience. Anatomically the body of all men is prepared to feel pleasure being penetrated.
There are people whose their biological sex does not match with their sexual or gender identity, the transgender people, these people may start if they want a sex reassignment by a combined process of psychological, chemical and surgery, being in this case, transsexual people, there are also many do not want to do it completely or not at all, and just change their appearance. These people may be the most ones who made visible the sexual diversity, and most assaults and murders have suffered and are suffering. They deserve special recognition, support, and love. The cisgender people are who their biological sex match with their gender identity.
The period during which transgender people starts to live as the gender with which they identify. The transition may include change name, take hormones, undergo surgery in the chest, genitals or plastic surgery, changing legal documents to reflect her gender according to their sexual identity
Fear, hatred or contempt felt towards transgender people. Of all phobias to sexual diversity, transphobia is the worst.
When we are talking about gay sex, versatile is the man who, in anal intercourse, can adopt the top and bottom role, that is, penetrate and be penetrated. The adopted role can be permanent forever, but it can also change over time and circumstances. It is unclear which are the determinants of the role that each one acquires, but it is also true that versatility can increase with age and experience.
In this long fight to eradicate phobia towards sexual diversity, visibility of the LGBT people has been an important strategy. Visibility gives hope to those who may not be visible, visibility sprayed prejudice.