It is a category belonging to gender identity. Agender people do not feel identified either as a man or as a woman.
Allosexual is a category belonging to sexual orientation (understood in a broad sense, not only to whom it is oriented, but also to how it is) that, by definition, is opposite to the concept of asexuality. An Allosexual person is one who feels sexual attraction to other people and needs sexual interaction with other people, and an asexual would be the opposite.
You might think that the term Asexual would have its opposite in the word “Sexual.” However, this pair of concepts (sexual-asexual) would not express very important nuances to understand what asexuality really is. Asexuality does not imply the lack of sexuality, but the absence of erotic attraction and the need for sexual interaction with other people.
Allosexual is a neologism created with the Greek root Alo- (ἄλλος) that would have the meaning of another. Sex with another person (with someone other than myself). Thus, asexual people can, for example, have sexual fantasies, masturbate and feel pleasure, that is, they have a sex life, but not necessarily with other people. Similarly, asexual people can have emotional relationships, sex with their partners, and kids. We are talking about attraction and need for sexual interaction, not about lacks, deviations, problems, dissatisfaction or, unhappiness.
Allosexual, it is a term that has some similarity with the expression Cisgender, which is created to designate people who are not transgender, thus avoiding the exclusionary concepts of “normal” or “majority.” Therefore, the Allosexual concept serves to be able to speak correctly of people who are not Asexual in the field of the study and diffusion of sexual diversity.
An androgynous person has a mixture of masculine and feminine gender expression. Even today, Androgyny is confused with hermaphroditism when both concepts refer to very different components of Sexual Identity. The last concerns the biological sex, which classifies people as female, intersexual (related to hermaphrodite), or male. The first relates the gender expression, which classifies people, regardless of the biological sex, as masculine, feminine, or androgynous.
It is a category belonging, not without discussion, to the sexual orientation. An asexual person is one who does not feel sexual attraction for anyone and who has no or little interest in sexual activities. This does not include affective relationships, since an asexual person can, for example, fall in love. The lack of sexual attraction does not prevent them, however, from having sex with their partners, to please them or to have children. Asexuality is also sometimes referred to by the English expression “ace”. The opposite concept of asexual would be allosexual.
Bigender flag, composed of stripes of different shades of pink (female gender) and blue (male gender), in the center a white (neutrois) stripe.
When we talk about bigender, we are referring to one of the components of a person’s Sexual Identity that is gender identity. We are not talking, therefore, about biological sex, or sexual orientation, or gender expression, but we talk about what and how a person feels the identity is concerning the gender.
To explain it easy, we will start with the binary sexual system. Many people identify themselves only as women or as men (what we might call mono gender), but other people identify with more than one gender. In this sense, we could say that a bigender (or dual gender) person feels both as a man and as a woman, and this can be in different magnitudes, which can change over time.
The above definition falls short when we look at reality, so we must introduce the non-binary sexual system to pay attention to people with two gender identities that can be binary (male/female) and non-binary, for example, agender ( they do not identify with any gender), gender fluid (at some point is identified with one gender and at other times it is identified with another.), or any other identity. The same applies to Trigender people, who identify with three gender identities, whatever they may be.
Finally, we must bear in mind that we are talking about a subjective perception, how we feel our gender, and not how we express that gender. In this sense, when we meet someone, we could not say without any fear of being wrong, that this person is bigender, agender, transgender, genderfluid, pangender, demi gender, etc. And you also have to remember that words like bigender, are categories created to talk about what already happens and not the contrary.
The binary sexual system or model, is a traditional classification of people sexuality that establishes two strictly delimited and excluding categories for four of the five main components of Sexual Identity. Female, male, woman, men, feminine, masculine, homosexual and heterosexual are their categories.
This system is used as a normative by certain sectors of society that consider deviation, abnormality or pathology, any manifestation of sexual diversity that does not adjust those categories (excluding homosexuality, of course).
However, from a pedagogical point of view, it is useful to begin to explain human sexuality and as a model to overcome, being replaced by the non-binary sexual system.
In a strict sense, biphobia means fear or hate that is felt towards bisexual people. But to fear and hate, we would add contempt.
It is a type of sexual orientation. A Bisexual person is the one who feels physical, emotional and/or romantic attraction towards people of more than one gender and/or sex, not necessarily at the same time, in the same way, at the same level or with the same intensity. It does not mean that bisexuals have sex with both sexes, or that are promiscuous. In fact, it is not necessary to have any kind of sex to self-identify as a bisexual person.
The Black Triangle is the symbol in Nazi concentration camps, that identified lesbians, prostitutes, women without children and those with “antisocial” quirks, leading away from the traditional model of a woman. Then it was used by the lesbian and feminist activism.
When we are talking about gay sex, the bottom is the passive part in anal intercourse, is the man who is penetrated anally with the other man’s penis. Depending on the role chosen for sex, gays define themselves as top, bottom or versatile, being the latter ones those who play both roles. The adopted role can be fixed forever, although it can also change with time and circumstances. It is not very clear what are the determinants of the role that each one acquires, but the different consideration that tops had for a long time regarding the bottoms may have some relation, in this sense during the Roman Empire the homosexual behavior of the men did not suppose any problem as long as the active role was adopted, while the bottom role was rejected both in penetration and fellatio, because it was related to women. It is also true that the fear of pain that may cause penetration can be a barrier to adopt the bottom role, a fact that may explain that versatility increases with age and experience. Anatomically the body of all men is prepared to feel pleasure being penetrated.
Bromance is the love that unites two, or sometimes more, straight men. It is said that this expression was coined in the 1990s by Dave Carnie, editor of the Skateboarding magazine Big Brother. It described the intimate friendship that sometimes linked two skaters who spent a lot of time together. This term, composed of the words brother and romance, began to enjoy popularity around 2005 with its emergence in cinema and television, making visible the changes occurring in Western masculinity, immersed in the metrosexual phenomenon. In this kind of relationship admiration, trust, and loyalty are absolute, and there are also hugs and loving expressions, but no theoretical attraction or sexual activity by definition, because at that time the g0y man also emerged, who starts his relationship with a bromance.
Read also: g0y, not gay (article in our blog)
It is a term used to classify people whose gender identity and biological sex are concordant, and whose gender expression is also concordant with that socially are assigned to this biological sex. For simplicity, we can say that there are transgender people and people who are not, and those that are not, are called cisgender.
It is a category pertaining to gender identity. A demigender person feels identified as a man or as a woman, but in a partial way. Demigender people can be named as demiboy, demigirl, etc.
It is a category that belongs to sexual orientation. A demisexual person is one who only feels sexual attraction for people with whom he has previously established a strong and lasting affective bond. They are people who, in the absence of this bond, behave like asexuals. Demisexual people can be classified as demi-heterosexual, demi-homosexual or demi-bisexual. Likewise, demisexuality can be classified as a type of graysexuality that is, in turn, a type of asexuality.
The term g0y, pronounced g-zero-y, appeared around 2005 in the United States to name the man who, regardless of his sexual orientation (homo, hetero, or bi), has erotic-affective relationships with men in which anal sex is excluded, which extends to their wives, girlfriends or female sexual partners. Zero with the anus. This phenomenon has had a great success in Brazil, where we can find G0Y groups, pubs, and private parties. This glossary entry on this curious masculinity only reflects a minimal part of reality. If you are looking for more detailed information, read the article published on our blog.
Variations: Goy, G-zero-epsilon, Heterog0y, Heteroflex, Soft-bi.
It is the most universal and internationally way to appoint homosexual men, that is, men who show inclination towards erotic and emotional relationship with individuals of the same sex. It is an English loan that has its origin in the Provencal word “gai” that means happy and rascal. Over time began to be used to name prostitutes, and after, as happend with other terms, came to be used against feminine men and men who could be homosexuals. Over time and in response to the term “homosexual”, turned into pathology, the word gay was chosen by the LGBT community to refer to themselves, stripped of its negative connotations.
Gender is a social category that comprises a set of characteristics assigned to people at birth, based on their known biological sex. This set of characteristics are features, functions, and valuations that will depend on the space and time in question, so that gender is a social construction and not an essentialist issue linked to biological sex. This construct is learned and assimilated through socialization, and with it, we will build our Identity. It is a process that lasts a lifetime, so it will change along with your Expression.
Too Queer for your binarism. A written text on a wall in the center of Valencia, to take into account when reflecting on gender. Photo by Moscas de Colores.
Taking the simplistic Binary Sexual Model, when born, the person with Male biological Sex is assigned the Masculine Gender. With just this simple act, until recently, people always expected that his Identity would be Man, that his Expression would be masculine, and that his Sexual Orientation would be towards women.
This psycho-biological determinism, still so widespread today, has an effective control tool named Gender Surveillance, which is responsible for correcting deviations. So if a man shows a characteristic belonging to the feminine gender, it is most likely that his environment will be in charge of correcting him, through a comment, mockery, or an insult. That is why the surveillance is behind many very common insults today, such as Pussy and Tomboy.
The gender, it may be the first software installed on our hard drive, allow the simile.
the gender binarism establishes exclusive categories, male and female, masculine and feminine, in which all people should be classified and self classified, and also established in each historical moment the characteristics that define each category. When someone shows some distinct feature, the gender vigilance appears and attempts to correct the deviations.
Dysphoria is the opposite of euphoria, so gender dysphoria is disgust, displeasure, imbalance or discomfort that a person can feel with the biological sex that has corresponded. Gender dysphoria is related to transgender and transsexual people, but they are different things, as there are among these people, who do not feel it.
It is one of the five main components of Sexual Identity. To put it simply, gender expression is our appearance, who others think we are, based on our appearance, and the expression of our gender/sex and identity. It is the way of expressing ourselves, our tastes, and the expected behavior that society imposes to us, and that we impose on ourselves. There are masculine gender expression, feminine gender expression, and the androgynous people, whose gender expression is a mixture, which can be variable, of the two.
Gender identity is one of the five main components of Sexual Identity. People identify with one gender or another. We feel like a man or a woman, like a girl or a boy, and as a general rule, from very early, each person knows what sex they feel, and what is each sex. Overcoming the binary sexual model, we can use new categories that better define reality, such as bigender, demigender, agender, gender fluid, and third sex. On the other hand, the correlation between gender identity and biological sex arises the classification of people as transgender or cisgender.
The gender vigilance is a social tool that tries to suppress or modify any gender expression that not correspond to the gender assigned at birth. Parents, educators, environment, and even each of us, perform gender vigilance, and its intensity vary with age and sex. Gender vigilance tends to reinforce the so-called gender binarism.
It is a category pertaining to gender identity. Genderfluid people are those who in a few moments feel identified as a man, and at other times as a woman.
Graysexual, also named greysexual, grey-asexual, gray-asexual, grey-A, gray-A, grey-sexual, gray-ace, grace, it is a category that belongs to the sexual orientation. A graysexual person is one who only feels sexual attraction on very specific occasions. The use of the word gray /grey is related to the illustration that can be done to expose the categories so that in the white area would be the allosexual people (those who feel sexual attraction) and in the black area the asexual people (those who do not feel sexual attraction), then graysexual would be at some point of the Gray Zone.
This graphic, in addition to placing people based on their sexual attraction, also tells us that, like everything related to human sexuality, it is a matter of degree but also of fluency, since we will not be all our lives at the same point. In front of the traditional vision of sexuality, being categorized in separate, closed and, determined compartments, the sexual plasticity defines much better how our sexuality is.
Types of Graysexual
It can be considered that there are several types of graysexuality depending on the type of specific circumstances in which is felt sexual attraction, so is called fraysexual the person who could be sexually attracted to people who barely knows, and that when are known the sexual interest is lost, is a person that only feels primary sexual attraction; is denominated akoisexual the person who feels sexual attraction by another just until begins to be corresponded, moment in which loses the interest; and reciprosexual, the person who can begin to feel sexual attraction by a person when realizes that arouses sexual desire in that person. Some people consider demisexuality as a type of graysexuality since they only feel secondary sexual attraction, that is when they have a strong emotional bond with the other person.
The Heteronormativity may be the pretension, even unconsciously, that the pattern to be followed by everyone is the heterosexual, in any aspect of life.
After 2000 years of homophobia whole society was articulated from heterosexuality. And the world was divided between the good straight and the devil (not straight). This heterosexism can also be seen as heterocentrism, affecting even science. In many investigations of animal species, it is assumed that the couples studied were formed by a male and a female, when in fact they were studying homoparental couples. Heterosexism are polarized glasses.
It is a type of sexual orientation. Man or woman whose physical and emotional attraction is directed towards people of the opposite gender. Heterosexual term appears at the same time the term homosexual, in the late 19th century, from the pen of a Hungarian poet and writer named Karl-Maria Kertbeny in a public letter urging the authorities to decriminalize homosexual behavior. Before that date there was no heterosexual or homosexual, there were normal people on the one hand, and sinners – criminals on the other.
The paternity of homosexuals. So a homoparental couple is a homosexual couple who have children, adoptive or not. Bridging the gap and for information, homoparentality is not unique to the human species, also it occurs in other species.
Homophobia is fear or hatred of gay men and lesbian women. The word prejudice, may be more accurate to describe antipathy towards LGBT people.
It is a type of sexual orientation. Man or woman whose physical and emotional attraction is directed towards people of the same gender. The term appears, at the same time than heterosexual term, in the late 19th century from the pen of a Hungarian poet and writer named Karl-Maria Kertbeny in a public letter urging the authorities to decriminalize homosexual behavior. Before that date there was no heterosexual or homosexual, there were normal people on the one hand, and sinners – criminals on the other. Although the term was created with good intentions, in the end it was very successful in the world of medicine and psychiatry and thus began the stage of pathologizing, where homosexuality ceased to be a crime, to become a mental illness. That is why the LGBT collective replaced it by the word gay, to remove the smell of electro-convulsive hospital. Today it is used normally without the negative charge.
Homosexual behavior is the sexual relationship between people of the same sex (sorry about the binarism), in the same way, heterosexual behavior is that which occurs between people of the opposite sex. Which we can extend to almost the entire animal kingdom. Nothing new here, right?
Talking about homosexual behavior deserves special interest if it is to differentiate it from homosexuality. They are related but different aspects. Of a homosexual people, we can expect them to have homosexual behavior, but this does not prevent in any way, that they have sexual experiences with people of the opposite sex, and vice versa. Likewise, a heterosexual person does not become homosexual or bisexual by having sexual contact with a person of the same sex. This highlights the current identity conception of homosexuality: I am homosexual. A conception that did not exist until the end of the 19th century when the term was invented. What was there before? Many things, however, what we know for sure, is that there was homosexual behavior, no matter how much we go back in time.
Distinguish these two concepts is essential if we want to understand human sexuality, because the behavior is comparable, because focusing on homosexual behavior, and not on homosexuality, we can understand where it comes from and what its role is.
Read more: Homosexual behavior and homosexuality (Post from our blog)
Read also: What is homosexual? (Post from our blog)
The person who has physical characteristics of both sexes. The intersexuality is a category belonging to the biological sex, existing many genetic, hormonal or anatomical variations that can make the intersexual sex, notwithstanding these variations have to be interpreted as errors. The debate about intersex is intense because traditionally, in some cases, parents and doctors tended to choose the baby’s sex. The process involving constant surgery and suffering, and ultimately did not have to correspond with the gender identity of the person. There are other options, such as living life, and that the sexuality will be defined over time if it is needed.
It is the most universal way to name homosexual women, ie women who show an inclination for erotic-affective relationships with people of the same sex. The word lesbian has its origin in the name of the Greek island of Lesbos, where the poet Sappho lived in the 5th century BC, whose literature focuses on the beauty of women and the proclamation of her love for them.
Acronym used for “Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender.” Following the inclusive spirit terms and its letters can be added, as LGBTIQ, LGBT +
It is the commemoration of the day when everything changed on June 28, 1969, with the Stonewall riots. The following year the first LGBT pride event was held in New York and nowadays pride is celebrated in thousands of cities around the world, is a key element in the visibility of sexual diversity.
Read more: Stonewall Inn, the origin of LGBT Pride.
The cultural production about love is infinite, so, to avoid getting lost, we are left with the essentialist definition of Eduard Punset, which defines it as “fusion instinct.”
But fusion with one or more people? Most societies have established monogamy as a model of relationship and fidelity in the couple as an essential requirement, however in these same societies polygamy and infidelity are common. Can the human being to love more than one person? The answer is in polyamory.
The non-binary sexual system or model is a classification of human sexuality that does not establish delimited and excluding categories for the components of the Sexual Identity and, therefore, better classifies all manifestations of human sexual diversity.
Unlike the binary sexual system, used by some sectors as normative, it helps us to understand the different sexualities integrating all of them without consider deviations, abnormalities or pathologies.
Taking sexual orientation as an example, between the homosexual and heterosexual categories, this model not only includes bisexuality, but also establishes a continuum between those two poles in which people can move throughout their lives, and not only this, but integrates other manifestations of sexual orientation such as, among others, pansexuality and asexuality.
It is a category that belongs to sexual orientation. An omnisexual person is one who feels an erotic-affective inclination for people of any gender or sex, being this gender or sex, determinant in the attraction.
The difference between omnisexuality and pansexuality lies in the fact that a pansexual person does not take gender or sex into account when attracted to someone, focusing on other characteristics, whatever these may be. To give an example, pansexual people can feel attracted to a smell, a voice, humor, strength …anything. For them, sex and gender are secondary aspects. Omnisexuals and pansexuals are differentiated by the role played by gender and sex in the attraction.
Similarly, omnisexuality and polysexuality are distinguished by a quantitative issue. A polysexual person may have no interest in any particular gender and/or sex (or some) but may have in the rest of them. For example, a polysexual man may be attracted to cisgender women, transgender women, transsexual women, and demigender women, but not to men or to the “masculine”, whereas an omnisexual person may be attracted to any type of person, being its gender and sex determinant in the attraction, and this omnisexual person likes each and every one of them. A polysexual person likes more than 2 genders and/or sexes, but not all of them.
It is small nuances (but big at the same time) that differentiate these terms, which do nothing but describe what these people feel. In addition, it is necessary to make clear that being omnisexual, pansexual and polysexual does not obviously mean that you are interested in threesomes, orgies, etc., or that you are not monogamous, or that you are attracted to the whole world, at any time. We are talking about what attracts them, not about what they do.
Final English translation by Ruth Carballo Gallego.
It is a category that belongs to sexual orientation. A pansexual person is the one who feels the erotic-affective inclination for people regardless of their gender identity, gender expression or biological sex, whatever they may be.
In the Nazi concentration camps people was classified with a triangle, exhibited sewn on clothes. Pink triangle was assigned to gay men.
Polyamory is a type of personal relationship, included in the so-called non-monogamy, ethical and consensual relationships, which consists of having more than one sexual and emotional relationship at a time. Polyamory can be classified as hierarchical or non-hierarchical, depending on the prevalence or not, of one of the couples over the others. Another type of non-monogamous relationship would be, for example, the partner swapping or swinging.
It is a category that belongs to sexual orientation. A polysexual person is one who feels erotic-affective attraction for people whose gender and/or sex can be classified into more than two categories. If a bisexual person feels the erotic-affective inclination for men and women, which would be two categories, a polysexual person is attracted to some other category, for example, agender people and/or bigender people.
The Queer theory is one of the most fascinating and complex issues of all the LGBT cultural construction. The idea is that states that all aspects of sexual identity are social constructs embodied in labels such as male, female, straight, gay, lesbian, transgender, etc. From here borns the Genderqueer, which is also a label to advocate for the elimination of lables. In Queer talks there is much mixture explaining how human sexuality works, with how sexuality should be. Queer means twisted, and this supposed the appropriation of the term, until then used to mark and insult, to transform it into a big protest concept.
Also known as biological sex, it is one of the five components of Sexual Identity and classifies people as male, female, or intersex. At birth, or even earlier, the baby is assigned to one sex and gender, based on a combination of bodily characteristics such as chromosomes, hormones, internal reproductive organs, and genitalia. From the correlation between biological sex and gender identity, people classify as transgender or cisgender.
Conduct, sexual behavior, also defines us. For this reason, we consider it as one of the five main components of a person’s Sexual Identity. What we do, and what we don’t do, what we think, and what we imagine, what we desire and also what disgusts us, conform our sexual behavior and, therefore, identifies us sexually. Besides to heterosexual behavior, homosexual behavior and bisexual behavior, there are, for example, asexual behavior, masturbation, sexual fantasies, pornography, cross-dressing for sex, bondage and sado-masochism, the fisting or golden shower, bottom dykes, top sissies, swingers, twinks, etc.
It is a feature of sexual reproduction in nature. Faced with a traditional vision of a unique and determined Sexuality, with a single function, sexual diversity teaches us that evolution achieves its goal through flexibility. A unique sexuality probably already been extinguished. Sexual diversity exists because we have a plastic, malleable, fluid, indeterminate sexuality, whose construction never ends.
We define Sexual Identity as the set of characteristics related to sexuality that is part, along with other identities, of a person’s identity. In this way, a person can identify as North American, Hawaiian, Transgender, Buddhist, Democrat, and Lakers follower.
For sure, you can find this concept as a synonym for Gender Identity, and this is more frequent the further back you go in time. However, Gender Identity is only one of the five components of Sexual Identity, so its use is not interchangeable. The rest of the components are Biological Sex, Sexual Orientation, Gender Expression, and Sexual Behavior.
Read also: La Identidad Sexual (Post of our blog. Spanish).
Sexual orientation is one of the five main components of Sexual Identity. It is the erotic-affective inclination for one sex/gender or another. It can be towards the opposite, heterosexual, towards the same, homosexual, or both, bisexual. Kinsey introduced the categories mostly heterosexual, mostly homosexual, and broadened the bisexual spectrum. The overcoming of the binary sexual model amplifies the proper definition of the orientation. So, we have new categories, such as pansexual, omnisexual, polysexual, demisexual, etc. Besides, concerning how the orientation is, people can be allosexual, asexual, or graysexual (greysexual).
It is a category that belongs to the gender identity, also named third sex. A person of the third gender feels identified neither with the masculine gender, nor with the feminine gender, but with another that is a mixture of both.
When we are talking about gay sex, the top part in anal intercourse is the man who penetrates the other man’s anus with his penis. Depending on the role chosen for sex, gays define themselves as top, bottom or versatile, being the latter ones those who play both roles. The adopted role can be fixed forever, although it can also change with time and circumstances. It is not very clear what are the determinants of the role that each one acquires, but the different consideration that tops had for a long time regarding the bottoms may have some relation, in this sense during the Roman Empire the homosexual behavior of the men did not suppose any problem as long as the active role was adopted, while the bottom role was rejected both in penetration and fellatio, because it was related to women. It is also true that the fear of pain that may cause penetration can be a barrier to adopt the bottom role, a fact that may explain that versatility increases with age and experience. Anatomically the body of all men is prepared to feel pleasure being penetrated.
There are people whose their biological sex does not match with their gender identity, the transgender people, these people may start if they want a sex reassignment by a combined process of psychological, chemical and surgery, being in this case, transsexual people, there are also many do not want to do it completely or not at all, and just change their appearance. These people may be the most ones who made visible the sexual diversity, and most assaults and murders have suffered and are suffering. They deserve special recognition, support, and love. The cisgender people are who their biological sex match with their gender identity.
The period during which transgender people starts to live as the gender with which they identify. The transition may include change name, take hormones, undergo surgery in the chest, genitals or plastic surgery, changing legal documents to reflect her gender according to their gender identity.
Fear, hatred or contempt felt towards transgender people. Of all phobias to sexual diversity, transphobia is the worst.
When we are talking about gay sex, versatile is the man who, in anal intercourse, can adopt the top and bottom role, that is, penetrate and be penetrated. The adopted role can be permanent forever, but it can also change over time and circumstances. It is unclear which are the determinants of the role that each one acquires, but it is also true that versatility can increase with age and experience.
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